Fundamentals of Economics

Essay #7 Adam


Adam is the most unique human ever, there will never be another human like him.  Born of raw materials from the earth (Genesis 3:19), by the intelligent and creative mind (Genesis 1:27) of God and wrought by His limitless power (Genesis 1:28), Adam came forth when God spoke everything into existence and then God breathed life into him.

God created the earth and gave it to Adam to use: “God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it” (Genesis 1:28). Man falls (Genesis 3:17-19), sin perverts man (Romans3:10-18) and the world around him, but Adam is still responsible to be “fruitful, multiply, replenish and subdue”.

Adam and Eve, hence mankind, were created in God’s image: “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. (Genesis 1:27).  Man possessed the full intellectual capabilities of God to understand the world around him and bring creation under his dominion; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. (Genesis 1:26b). Sin distorts man’s intellectual capabilities, but it does not terminate them (Ephesians 4:18). Man is still capable of using intelligence to discern problems and develops solutions, apply labor to raw materials and produce the stuff that sustains life.

Adam’s sons, Cain and Able are the fulfillment Noah’s and Eve’s literal physical obedience (multiply).    Cain and Abel fulfill that God’s command in pursuing animal husbandry and agriculture. Abel kept sheep and Cain tilled the soil; “And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground” (Genesis 4:2).  Both men used their ingenuity and labor to accomplish this. How did Abel know how to keep sheep?  Or Cain to plant crops?  Through ingenuity, using the resources available (property) and applying effort. God had provided all the resources necessary (property).  Using observational skills (intellect) and applying those observations (ingenuity) these men were able to produce goods necessary for the sustaining of life.  Obedience is God’s plan for humanity to glorify Him.

But sin has entered mankind and at the core of his existence, in his heart “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?” (Jeremiah 17:9). The effect of sin is so profound that Cain murders his brother Abel because his offering to God was not accepted.  But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.” (Genesis 4:5).  Cain’s works were evil before God.  “Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.” (I John 3:12). Cain was envious of another; it was not poverty or material depravation that caused his moral depravity, it was sin.  Since the Tower of Babel man has been seeking his own way as an organized group.  A society of rebels, not bound by geography or any other sort of political subdivision, Babylonialism has captured all aspects of humanity and seeks to destroy what God has created.  Starting with Nimrod, to the time of Jesus,  the church, the beginning of Romanism, the Dark Ages, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his Enlightenment contemporaries, into our modern age, Babylonialism has been there corrupting the Word of God and exalting the cult of man.  The end of which is coming.

Cain murders Abel. “And he (God) said, “What hast thou done?  The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.Genesis 4:10.

Cain, who was cursed of God for his fratricide, has a child, Enoch. “Cain builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son Enoch” Genesis 4:17.  God commanded mankind to “be fruitful, multiple, replenish and subdue”.  Cain thought it best to build a city rather than go forward and “subdue” and start his own wicked civilization.  The genealogy of Cain carries through six generations Cain>Enoch>Irad>Mehujael>Methuselah>Lamech. Lamech then has three sons by two wives: his first wife, Adah, bare Jabel and Jubal.  His second wife, Zillah, bares Tubalcain. (Genesis 4:14-22).

No other mention of Cain, or his progeny, is mentioned again outside of five verses:  Joshua 15:57 in reference to a city, Luke 3:37 as the genealogy of Cain,  Hebrews 11:4 in reference to Cain’s less then excellent sacrifice given in Genesis 4:5, I John 3:12 in reference to Cain slaying his brother and Jude 1:11 warning against and identifying a “way of Cain” associated with the error of Balaam and the gainsaying of Core.  The reference to a city and the genealogy are historical, the other three verses deal with the moral qualities of Cain that are not to be emulated.

Cain in his descendants are brought to judgment during the flood.  It is worthy of note though, that in six generations this civilization did evolve and was probably sophisticated in its own respect.  “And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.  And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.” (Genesis 4:20-22).  Jabal was the father of such that dwell in tents.  Jubal the father of all such as handle the harp and organ and Tubalcain an instructor of every artificer of brass and iron.  A seemingly set of innocuous verses has a great deal of import for our study.

God command Adam and Eve to be fruitful etc.  Abel and Cain demonstrated the use of ingenuity, raw materials and labor by developing animal husbandry and agricultural techniques that met the physical needs of the society at that time.  They needed to eat and these two developed sciences that would be used to that end.  Jabal extended Abel’s science and he was the father of herdsman.  His skills are noted for being the father of those who dwell in tents.  His skills were worthy of learning from.  Likewise, Jubal was the father of all such that handle the harp and organ.  Again, his skills were noteworthy.  Tubalcain, an instructor of every artificer of brass and iron.  These men were highly skilled and renowned for those skills.  This commonly referred to the division of labor.  Outside the need for the private ownership of property, the division of labor is the most important economic factor in producing goods and services necessary to meet the challenges of life. Following the production of goods, voluntary association follows.  I will trade my art work of brass for that bushel of corn.

And there is more there!  Where did the harp and organ come from?  Who made them and what raw materials were they made from?  What was the process necessary to turn minerals, presumably wood and animal products into “harps and organs”?  Where did the idea come from?  What about Tubalcain?  Brass and iron do not grow on trees.  You do not plant brass or iron sides and harvest the same.  How did the raw materials turn into brass and iron?  We are seven generations from creation, Adam>Cain>>Enoch>Irad>Mehujael>Methusael>Lamech and then Lamech’s three sons, and already we have a very sophisticated culture.  Why?  Because God created man in His image and that provided an intellect that could observe the world around him, understand challenges brought about by the consequence of sin, use the raw materials God created and apply labor to come up with products that met their needs.  Not only that, but God commanded the inhabitants of the nascent culture to be “fruitful, multiple, replenish and subdue”.  This can only be accomplished through private property, development of skills and trade.



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